Brown, Stephanie, Lumley, Judith, Small, Rhonda and Astbury, Jill (1994). Missing Voices: The Experience of Motherhood Australia: Oxford University Press.
Burkett, Elinor (2000). The Baby Boon: How Family-Friendly America Cheats the Childless. New York: The Free Press.
Cain, Madelyn (2001). The Childless Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
Callan, Victor J. (1987). The personal and marital adjustment of mothers and of voluntarily and involuntarily childless wives. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 49, 847 -856.
Campbell, Annily. Cutting out motherhood: childfree sterilized women. In Earle, Sarah and Letherby, Gayle (2003). Gender, Identity & Reproduction: Social Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Clausen, J.A. and Clausen, S.R. (1973). The effects of family size on parents and children. In J.T. Fawcett (Ed.), Psychological Perspectives on Population. New York, Basic Books.
Cowan, Carolyn Pape and Cowan, Philip A. (1992). When Partners Become Parents: The Big Life Change for Couples. USA: Basic Books.
Crohan, Susan E. (1996). Marital quality and conflict across the transition to parenthood in African American and White couples. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 933 – 944.
Daniluk, Judith C. (1998). Women’s Sexuality Across the Life Span: Challenging Myths, Creating Meanings. New York: The Guilford Press.
Daniluk, Judith C. (1999). When biology isn’t destiny: implications for the sexuality of women without children. Canadian Journal of Counselling, Vol. 33:2, 79 – 94.
Earle, Sarah and Letherby, Gayle (2003). >Gender, Identity & Reproduction: Social Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Evenson, Ranae J. and Simon, Robin W. (2005). Clarifying the relationship between parenthood and depression. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 46, 341 – 358.
Feldman, Harold (1981). A comparison of intentional parents and intentionally childless couples. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 43, No. 3, 593 – 600.
Genevie, Louis and Margolies, Eva (1987). The Motherhood Report: How Women Feel About Being Mothers. New York: MacMillan Publishing.
Gillespie, Rosemary (2003). Childfree and feminine: understanding the gender identity of voluntarily childless women. Gender and Society, Vol., 17, No. 1, 122 – 136.
Gillespie, Rosemary (2000). When no means no: disbelief, disregard and deviance as discourses of voluntary childlessness. Women’s Studies International Forum, Vol. 23, No. 2, 223 – 234.
Glenn, Norval D. and Weaver, Charles N. (1979). A note on family situation and global happiness. Social Forces, Vol. 57, No. 3, 960 – 967.
Gove, Walter R. and Geerken, Michael R. (1977). The effect of children and employment on the mental health of married men and women. Social Forces, Vol. 56, No. 1, 66 – 76.
Haussegger, Virginia (2005). Wonder Woman: The Myth of 'Having it All'. Australia: Allen & Unwin.
Hollingworth, Leta S. (1916). Social devices for impelling women to bear and rear children. The American Journal of Sociology, 22, 19 – 29.
Ireland, Mardy S. (1993). Reconceiving Women: Separating Motherhood from Female Identity. New York: The Guilford Press.
Jamison, Pollyann H., Franzini, Louis R. and Kaplan, Robert M. (1979). Some assumed characteristics of voluntarily childfree women and men. Psychology of Women Quarterly, Vol. 4(2), 266 – 273.
Keith, Pat M. (1983). A comparison of the resources of parents and childless men and women in very old age. Family Relations, Vol. 32, No. 3, 403 – 409.
Knowles, Jane Price and Cole, Ellen (1990). Motherhood: A Feminist Perspective. New York: The Howarth Press.
LaMastro, Valerie (2001). Childless by choice? Attributions and attitudes concerning family size. Social Behavior and Personality, Vol. 29(3), 231 – 244.
Lampman, Claudia and Dowling-Guyer, Seana (1995). Attitudes toward voluntary and involuntary childlessness. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 17 (1 & 2), 213 – 222.
Landa, Anita (1990). No accident: the voices of childless women – an essay on the social construction of fertility sources. In Price Knowles, Jane P. and Cole, Ellen (Eds.), Motherhood: A Feminist Perspective. New York: The Howarth Press.
Lang, Susan S. (1991). Women Without Children: The Reasons, the Rewards, the Regrets. New York: Pharos Books.
Langlois, Michelle W. and Cramer, Kenneth M. (2004). The relationship between household composition and retirement stress. Guidance and Counseling, Vol. 20, Issue 1.
Maushart, Susan (1999). The Mask of Motherhood: How Becoming a Mother Changes Everything and Why we Pretend it Doesn’t. New York: New York Press.
McLanahan, Sara and Adams, Julia (1987). Parenthood and psychological well-being. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 13, 237 – 257.
Mollen, Debra (2006). Voluntarily childfree women: experiences and counseling considerations. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, Vol. 28, No. 3, 269 – 284.
Morell, Carolyn (2000). Saying no: women’s experiences with reproductive refusal. Feminism & Psychology, Vol. 10(3), 313 – 322.
Morell, Carolyn M. (1994). Unwomanly Conduct: The Challenges of Intentional Childlessness. New York: Routledge.
Park, Kristin (2002). Stigma management among the voluntarily childless. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 45, No. 1, 21 – 45.
Peacock, Molly (1998). Paradise, Piece by Piece. New York: Riverhead Books.
Peck, Ellen and Senderowitz, Judith (1974). Pronatalism: The Myth of Mom & Apple Pie. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company.
Pleck, J. (1985). Working Wives,Working Husbands. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Price, Jane. Motherhood: What it Does to Your Mind. London: Pandora Press, 1988.
Renne, Karen S. (1974). Childlessness, health, and marital satisfaction. Social Biology, Vol. 23, No., 3, 183 – 197.
Russo, Nancy Felipe (1979). Overview: sex roles, fertility and the motherhood mandate. Psychology of Women Quarterly, Vol. 4(10), 7 – 15.
Russo, Nancy Felipe (1976). The motherhood mandate. Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 3, 143 – 153.
Somers, Marsha D. (1993). A comparison of voluntarily childfree adults and parents. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 55, 643 – 650.
Terhune, K.W. (1974). A review of the actual and expected consequences of family size. Calspan Report No. DP-5333-C-1.
Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith and Foster, Craig A. (2003). Parenthood and marital satisfaction: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 65, 574 – 583.
Tyler May, Elaine ( 1995). Barren in the Promised Land: Childless Americans and the Pursuit of Happiness. New York: Basic Books.
Veevers, Jean E. (1980). Childless by Choice. Toronto: Butterworth & Co.